Mediální studia 02/2016 byla podpořena dotací Odboru médií a audiovize Ministerstva kultury ČR.
MEDIA STUDIES / MEDIÁLNÍ STUDIA
STUDIES / STATĚ
Patrick FITZGERALD (Cardiff University):
Legitimising Dissent: Media Framing of the 2011 Egyptian Revolution within British and American Print Media PDF
ABSTRACT: This paper investigates how British and American newspaper coverage of the 2011 Egyptian Revolution framed the protest movement that led to the resignation of Hosni Mubarak as the President of Egypt. Previous studies examining Western media coverage of domestic protests indicate that news media often covered movements and protesters with the expectation of violence occurring, or whose motivations, aspirations, and actions were trivialised and marginalised, while Western media coverage of the Middle East and North Africa often contextualised the region’s nations, peoples, and politics in ways that promoted negative stereotypes. In analysing British and American newspaper coverage of the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, this paper demonstrates the opposite to be true through a content and framing analysis of relevant news stories (n=611). Results from British and American newspaper samples offer strong evidence for not only reassessing the dominance of the reportorial paradigms by which the news media covers political and social dissent, but also normative Western media portrayals of the nations and people within Middle East and North Africa.
Maria JUFEREVA (University of Juväskylä):
Ethical orientations of Russian-speaking journalists in Estonia PDF
ABSTRACT: This study explores ethical orientations and ethical distortions that can be spotted with some Russian-speaking journalists in Russian-language journalism in Estonia. The article builds upon the assumption that a number of external indicators and institutional factors such as editorial policies as well as the political and economic background have a major influence on the ethical orientation of the journalists in Estonia. The study, employing the concepts of media accountability and journalism culture, utilizes both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The qualitative semi-structured individual interviews were used to understand and explain the implicit reasons, opinions, and motivations of the Russian-speaking journalists in Estonia. The quantitative research then enables the quantification of the journalists’ attitudes, opinions, behaviours, and other defined variables – and generalizes the results from a larger sample of actors.
Monika BARTOŠOVÁ (Palacký University in Olomouc):
Morální panika konstruovaná státem: Proces s protistátním spikleneckým centrem v čele s Rudolfem Slánským ve veřejném mediálním diskurzu doby PDF
// Moral panic designed by the state: The Trial of anti-state conspiracy center around Rudolf Slansky in contemporary public media discourse
ABSTRACT: The trial of Rudolf Slánský and his alleged associates at planned overthrow of communist power in Czechoslovakia was a carefully designed theatre and similarly as other political trials in the 1950s a success to a large extent depending on the media image. Media in socialist Czechoslovakia borrowed language of official communication when reporting about the trial. At the same time, they actively helped with sketching a story of almost heroic fight between Gottwald headed Communist Party and alleged malice of defendants. The construction of moral panics, searching for internal enemy and consistent differentiation of groups of us and them is an integral part of disruption of ontological security together with following consolidation of internal cohesion in the state. The aim of this work is to summarize how contemporary media informed the audience about the trial and how it helped with getting support from citizens. Extensive material is processed by grounded theory method.
Terézia RONČÁKOVÁ (Catholic University in Ruzomberok):
Longform text ako nový žurnalistický žáner PDF
//Longform Text as a New Journalistic Genre
ABSTRACT: The paper is grounded in a wide research of new journalistic genres in current weeklies. Examining a sample of 102 copies of four Slovak weeklies (Týždeň, Plus 7 dní, Život, Slovenka) the author defined new genres in three groups: longform texts, shortform texts, and lifestyle. The first one includes seven genres: hard longform text, soft longform text, analysis, investigative text, popular-scientific text, story and profile. The longform texts (hard and soft) are then discussed in detail: working with five genre criteria (topic, function, form, composition, language) and presenting its characteristics (in hard longform text: confident analysis and courageous conclusions, respectability, competency, expertness, use of example, story, experience, tools of a report; in soft longform text: editorial own investigation, presence of author´s opinion, emotiveness, expressivity, use of joke, story, example, narration). Both the genres exist also in a reduced form of some “magazine article” with less journalistic mastership. Examining these genres the author comes to conclusions about the conjunctive trends in journalistic genres (and their hybridization), “the continuum of seriousness and tabloidness” and the tendencies to subjectivity in journalistic texts.
Peter HANÁK (Charles University):
Kriminalizácia žurnalistiky: Trestne stíhaní novinári na Slovensku v európskej perspektíve PDF
// Criminalisation of Journalism: Criminally Prosecuted Slovak Journalists in European Perspective
ABSTRACT: Slovak criminal law allows the highest possible punishment for criminal defamation in Europe – 8 years in prison. This paper shows how this law is used against investigative reporters and deals with criminalisation of Slovak journalists for fulfilling their watchdog duty. As amethod, this article uses qualitative in-depth interviews with 5 reporters, who faced charges with verbal crimes, and with a criminal prosecutor providing necessary context. The results of this research show that Slovak journalists, despite risking 8 years in prison, do not feel threatened by criminal charges. On the other hand, their employers – publishing and broadcasting companies – are vulnerable to civil lawsuits because of large damages awarded to claimants. The experience of interviewed journalists confirmed possibility of a chilling effect of these lawsuits towards critical and investigative journalism.
INTERVIEW / ROZHOVOR
Martina TOPINKOVÁ (Charles University):
On Visual Propaganda in the Digital Age. An interview with Matteo Stocchetti PDF
REPORT / ZPRÁVA Z VÝZKUMU
Marcel Lincényi, Ivana Bulanda:
Research on the Perception of political Billboards in Bratislava self-governing region’s electoral Campaign in Slovakia PDF
REVIEWS / RECENZE
Komiks: rozpravy o metodách (Ondřej Krajtl) PDF
Pavel Kořínek, Martin Foret, Michal Jareš: V panelech a bublinách: kapitoly z teorie komiksu